Working at the different scales of urban planning and design, and with the support of a series of lectures, seminars and workshop activities, the objectives of the Laboratory are to provide students with the theoretical and technical methods, skills and tools that are necessary both to investigate urban and territorial contexts, the spatial, landscape and environmental resources that characterize them, and to draw planning and design solutions for their sustainable transformations.
1. Knowledge and understanding
To know how to analyze and represent urban and territorial structures, identifying their spatial and functional features at different scales (from large areas, to parts of the city, to specific spaces).
To know how to interpret specific urban and territorial situations in their complexity, in particular by relating spatial configurations to landscape resources, and by understanding how these relationships can better fit to the social, environmental and economic contexts each specific situation belongs to.
To develop the knowledge of urban planning techniques and of the processes that make up a broad set of policies and tools aimed at the regeneration and the redevelopment of the city and the territory, and at the active protection of cultural, environmental and landscape resources.
2. Ability to apply knowledge and understanding
To develop the ability to apply the acquired theoretical and technical knowledge to the description and design of large parts of the territory, of urban sectors and of more specific spatial areas (from the conception of general master plans, to the proposal of design solutions for the enhancement and active protection of landscape and environmental resources, the regeneration and urban recomposition for the specific contexts that the Laboratory will focus on).
To develop the ability to translate planning and design solutions into technical documents, that are aimed to represent transformations and to rule the procedures for their spatial implementation and management.
3. Ability to make autonomous judgments
To develop the ability to autonomously integrate the inputs from a variety of surveys and analyses, and to formulate interpretations of specific territorial situations.
To develop the ability to autonomously identify actions and priorities for projects of spatial transformation.
4. Communication skills
To know how to describe and argue acquired knowledge and project proposals, using different communication languages and tools: verbal and public presentations (through the use of a variety supports, from power point, to videos and models); drafting of project posters and reports.
5. Learning skills
To have developed the skills necessary to build processes of survey and interpretation aimed at drawing urban design and planning tools.
In order to attend the Urban Planning Laboratory 2 and to take the exam, it is necessary to have already passed the examination of the Urban Planning Laboratory 1.
The prerequisites, the knowledge and the skills that are required to follow with profit the Urban Planning Laboratory 2, and that will be considered already acquired, are therefore those developed during the Urban Planning Laboratory 1 (see the objectives of Urban Planning Laboratory 1).
Redesigning cities and territories starting from public equipment, landscape and environmental facilities. Rethinking planning standards for a better quality of living.
Through teaching and design activities, the Laboratory will offer students a critical and reflective learning experience on the forms, approaches, processes and techniques of contemporary urban planning. Urban planning will be dealt with as a practical knowledge oriented to the project and to the sustainable transformation of cities and territories; as a practice of rewriting/reinterpretation of existing open and built spaces, in particular of the public equipment and services that, throughout the twentieth century all over Europe, helped to ensure better conditions of "life in the city" for large parts of the population. In this view, the activities of the Laboratory will offer the opportunity to practice urban design and planning as a knowledge that is based on the ability to: interpret and investigate the contexts in which it operates (their landscape, environmental, economic and social resources, their dynamics of modification and development, the issues and needs expressed by different populations); imagine and anticipate scenarios, plans and projects for the activation and governance of future transformations. A knowledge that, over time, in relation to the changes in the conditions of the spatial contexts and to the emergence of new "urban questions", has been repeatedly urged to review and update its technical and conceptual tools.
Today, the awareness of the effects of a profound economic, social and environmental crisis forces to focus our attention on new topics, as well as to assign different importance and meaning to long-standing issues of the debate on the city and on urban planning: spatial and social inequalities; climate change and resilience; de-growth and demographic trends (aging, migrations); reuse and recycling of spaces, and of urban and territorial heritage; mobility and accessibility; smartness ... Recurrent is the call for the stop of further consumption of land, landscape and environment, in favor of the reuse of available urban materials, equipment and spaces, and of the construction of new scenarios for a different development based on the regeneration and integration of existing resources.
It is in relation to this conceptual framework that the Laboratory project exercises will focus on the redesign of parts of contemporary cities and territories, starting from the reading of the present territorial estate of landscape and environmental resources and of public facilities (green spaces, spaces for mobility and parking, social-assistance and educational-cultural services, in other terms the large set of spatial equipment that has been traditionally provided for by planning standards), and by the interpretation of their potential for valorization and reorganisation into spatial systems and connections. The project areas the students will work on cover different urban and territorial situations, in Friuli Venezia Giulia region, with reference to small and medium size cities.
The Urban Planning Laboratory 2 consists of two courses: Urban Planning 2 and Techniques of Urban Planning 2. The teaching and design activities proposed by the two courses will take place in a strongly integrated way, offering the students an articulated framework of prompts to reflect, of technical knowledge and references to national and international urban design an
The project activities of the Laboratory will be supported by ex-cathedra lectures (held by the professors of the courses of Urban Planning 2 and Techniques of Urban Planning 2) and by seminars (organised in collaboration with external scholars and practitioners). The Laboratory will give large space to classroom work, to discussion among students and between them and the teaching staff in order to foster collaboration and critical learning through the design practice. The course will end with a week of intensive design workshop.
In particular, moving across the scales of urban planning and design (from masterplan to site specific projects), the activities proposed to the students will be organised into three phases. Each one will involve self-study by the students (analyses and surveys, project and design solutions), and operations developed with the professors’ support during the Laboratory (thematic seminars, surveys and audits, individual and collective reviews).
- PHASE I (average duration 5 weeks). Drawing of a spatial masterplan and of design strategies. Students will be asked to develop on site surveys and to draw design frameworks for one of the studied territorial contexts. Starting from a critical reflection on problems, resources and transformation potentials, the outcome will be the construction of a spatial masterplan (scale 1: 5.000/1.10.000) and of a coherent repertoire of urban planning strategies. At this stage, the students will work in wider groups, with a maximum of 10 people.
- PHASE 2 (average duration 7 weeks). Development of urban design solutions for specific areas of the masterplan. This phase will be oriented to drawing project solutions for specific sites that have been identified in the masterplan, by focusing the attention on topics and approaches explained in the repertoire of strategies (PHASE 1). The scale will reach a minimum of 1: 500; proposals will describe solutions for the ground floors of buildings (new and existing ones), the layout of open spaces, sections and profiles, as agreed with the teaching staff during the individual and collective reviews. Students will work in smaller groups (3 people maximum).
- PHASE 3. Intensive design workshop (1 week). Starting from the work done during the Laboratory, the aim is to finalize the project proposals elaborated for specific areas (PHASE 2) and to consistently review Masterplan and Strategies (PHASE 1).
The extended program of the activities planned by the Laboratory and the two courses it is composed by will be made available to the students during the first lesson.
For the students attending the Laboratory, programs, materials and communications will be made available on the Moodle web page (https://moodle2.units.it/my/).
To take the final exam of the Urban Planning Laboratory 2, students must:
- have attended lectures and seminars;
- have participated in individual and collective reviews (PHASES 1 and 2);
- have participated in the final intensive design workshop (PHASE 3);
- have carried out the required project activities within the prescribed time and manner (4 A1 project posters; 1 project model; 1 video describing the project; 1 A3 “journal” on the project);
- have presented an oral critical reading of two books identified with the professors from the bibliography (the general one and/or the specific bibliographies that will be given at the end of each lesson/seminar).
The exam will consist of an individual interview both on the issues addressed in the lectures of the two courses (Urban Planning 2 and Techniques of Urban Planning 2), and on the two books read by each student, and of a panel discussion on the project work developed by the group of students.
The final evaluation will be unique (for the Laboratory and for the two courses it is composed by) and will take into account the overall work done by the student throughout the Laboratory, the active participation in the lessons and in the activities organized by the two courses and the Laboratory as a whole, the quality of the required project work, the level of preparation and the critical reading ability of the texts brought to the final exam.
All lessons and information will be provided to students through email and the Moodle web page (https://moodle2.units.it/my/).
- AA.VV., Atti della XX Conferenza Nazionale SIU. Urbanistica e/è azione pubblica. La responsabilità della proposta, Roma 12-14 giugno 2017, Planum Publisher, Roma-Milano, 2017 (in particolare gli atti del workshop 4”Urbanistica e/è azione pubblica per le dotazioni territoriali e la qualità urbana”, http://media.planum.bedita.net/d1/1f/Workshop_4_Atti_XX_Conferenza_Nazio...).
- C. Bianchetti, Territori della condivisione. Una nuova città, Quodlibet, Macerata 2014.
- C. Bianchetti, Spazi che contano. Il progetto urbanistico in epoca neoliberale, Donzelli, Roma, 2016.
- M. Bricocoli, S. Sabatinelli (a cura di), Progettare il cambiamento del welfare locale. Il caso WeMi a Milano, in “Territorio”, n. 83, 2017 (intera sezione).
- L. Caravaggi, C. Imbroglini, Paesaggi socialmente utili. Accoglienza e assistenza come dispositive di progetto e trasformazione urbana, Quodlibet, Macerata, 2016.
- A. De Rossi (a cura di), Riabitare l’Italia. Le aree interne tra abbandoni e riconquiste, Donzelli, Roma, 2018.
- V. Ferrario, A. Sampieri, P. Viganò (eds.), Landscapes of Urbanism, Officina Edizioni, Roma 2011.
- P. Gabellini, Fare urbanistica, Carocci, Roma 2009.
- P. Gabellini, Le mutazioni dell’urbanistica, Carocci, Roma, 2018.
- E. Marchigiani, Paesaggi urbani e post-urbani, Meltemi, Roma 2005.
- S. Munarin, L. Velo (a cura di), Italia 1945-2045. Urbanistica prima e dopo, Donzelli, Roma, 2016.
- Officina Welfare Space, Spazi del welfare. Esperienze, luoghi, pratiche, Quodlibet Studio, Macerata 2011.
- G. Pasqui, Urbanistica oggi. Piccolo lessico critico, Donzelli editore, Roma 2017.
- C. Perrone, G. Paba (a cura di), Confini, movimenti, luoghi, Donzelli, Roma 2019.
- C. Renzoni (a cura di), Cinquant’anni di standard urbanistici (1968-2018). Radici, in “Territorio”, n. 84, 2018 (intera sezione).
- B. Secchi, La città del ventesimo secolo, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2005.
- B. Secchi, La città dei ricchi e la città dei poveri, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2013.
Further bibliography will be provided for at the end of lessons and seminars.