The teacher will guide the students in the knowledge of the fundamentals of the "infrastructural design" applied to the "landscape design" and vice versa. Particular attention will be given to the aspects of design and direct application on the other.
The course has three objectives:
1. Identify and select the main definitions of landscape, to build a relevant vocabulary and learn to recognize and use the most suitable tools for reading and understanding infrastructure and landscape systems;
2. become familiar with the concepts of "continuity, fragmentation and capacity" of networks: environmental networks and infrastructural networks, declining them according to the concept of "integration". The codification and interpretation of the exchange and permeability relations between infrastructures and contexts crossed, and at the same time experimenting methods and solutions to transform existing networks and nodes into "landscapes" are fundamental;
3. provide the necessary tools to develop new ideas of living space starting from the concept of "street-space", developing integrated infrastructure and landscape projects (landscaping), and new forms of "street architecture".
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
The course has as its objective the deepening of themes, techniques and methodologies, of the landscape and infrastructural project. For this reason the student will be called to make their own critical path between disciplines and knowledge.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING APPLIED
The teacher will guide the students in acquiring the technical foundations of the landscape project applied to the streetscape, starting from 4 theoretical issues:
1. landscape concept
2. concept of "integration"
3. concept of "street-space"
4. "landscaping" concept
AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT
The design exercise will be coordinated with the laboratories, and will stimulate the student to build interdisciplinary coherence with the other courses. The student must give an account to the teacher of the design choices during the reviews and seminars, demonstrating the ability to identify the most relevant solution in relation to the contents of the theoretical lessons.
The most appropriate contents, tools and techniques will be provided to represent and communicate the project. In the end, the student will have to use the appropriate media and linguistic registers to build an overall narrative
ABILITY TO LEARN
The final exercise (exam project) must demonstrate that you have deepened the theoretical and technical contents illustrated during the course through the application to a specific case coordinated with the laboratories
The prerequisites are those provided by the Integrated Design Laboratory: having attended the workshops and preparatory courses as prescribed by the regulations of the "Course of Studies"
The course is part of the Integrated Design Laboratories (LPI_AC and LPI_CTP). The logic of an atelier will be adopted, with constant development, verification and dialogue. The general approach will be the study of the relationships between connective modalities, compositional techniques and constructive solutions.
Trees, asphalt and cars: landscaping.
More and more mobility infrastructures, crossing sections of the territory, become the matrix of the contemporary landscape. These matrices are able to transform the nature of places and create new lines of development and new ways of using the territory and the city.
Everyday life continues to show us the results of a fragmentary design, made by closed compartments, in which too often the disciplinary fields do not mix: the technical-functional knowledge is still too detached from the landscaping solutions, those who plant the trees, those who draw the traffic lanes, those who design the thickness of the asphalt, those who organize the flow of cars, or cyclists, or pedestrians, etc.
The examples are innumerable, the territories crossed by road infrastructures are increasingly configured as landscapes of environmental mitigation, landscapes that often arise from a sort of make-up, in which the utmost concern is the reduction of environmental impact: "planting trees alongside to the asphalt strips to hide the cars? "
We must ask ourselves why today there is still an antithetical relationship between infrastructure and landscape, despite having numerous tools and sensitivity to read it, to understand it, and to modify it.
There are many reasons and many responsibilities, the first lies precisely in the difficulty of thinking in a truly integrated way the landscape and the large systems that characterize it. In all of this, the infrastructure project can assume this responsibility, and become an important and decisive opportunity for the environmental issue, if conceived, developed and implemented in an integrated manner.
The student is proposed to undertake an "integrated" path through the disciplines and knowledge that inform and involve the infrastructure project to create a single horizon between legislation, technique, functionality, narration and above all "aesthetics of mobility": the construction of the landscape. It is for this reason that the course proposes to deepen the main aspects of the road design and to start from the infrastructures as a pretext to reflect on the idea, the image, the consistency, the quality, the importance (and meaning) of landscape today. and on its matrix linked to the space of motion.
The student will be stimulated to answer the following questions:
What is a road? What role, functions and meanings can it assume in addition to the purely road-transport one? It can to think of the road as an architecture of a landscape? Robert Smithson defined the streets as "ready-made works on a scale of 1: 20000". They are simultaneously works of engineering, architecture and landscape, which are constituted as elements "of an artificial geography".
list of lessons:
1. 5 words for the landscape
2. image and imagination: from the garden to the park. a little story
4. infrastructure and landscape
5. drawning the ground
6. "tree architecture"
7. networks, nodes and corridors: environmental infrastructures
8. "landscape architecture" and "architectural landscape"
9. Pietro Porcinai's A22 motorway
10. artialization. James Wine and SITE
The INFRASTRUCTURE AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE course will consist of: a) theoretical lessons; b) lectures on case studies; c) collective exercises and workshops; d) seminars with external teachers and professionals.
The activity of the course will be coordinated with the overall teaching activity of the two Integrated Design Laboratories and with the other courses of the laboratories
The exam will take place on the presentation of the drawings produced by each group of the respective Design Laboratories
Integrated and an individual interview on the theoretical-disciplinary topics related to the project, dealt with during the lessons.
Carrying out the exercises and participating in classroom teaching and seminars is a necessary condition for taking the exam.
The teaching will be held at the headquarters of Gorizia: "Any changes to the methods described here, which may be necessary to ensure the application of the security protocols related to the COVID19 emergency, will be communicated on the website of the Department of the Degree Program and teaching ".
For further information and communications relating to the INFRASTRUCTURE AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE course write to: firstname.lastname@example.org
The specific bibliography on the topics of the course will be communicated at the end of each lesson.General Bibliography:
Landscape and Landscape architecture
M. Augè, Piccole Felicità, malgrado tutto, Roma, Castelvecchi, 2020
L. Benevolo, La cattura dell’infinito, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1991
G. Caudo (a cura di), G. Ferraro. Il libro dei luoghi, Milano, Jaca Book, 1992
G. Ferrara, L’architettura del paesaggio italiano, Venezia, Marsilio, 1968
E. Giammattei (a cura di), Paesaggi. Una storia contemporanea, Torino, Treccani, 2019
R. Ghosn, EL. H. Jazairy, Geostories. Another Architecture for environment, Barcellona, ACTAR, 2018
P. Grimal, L’arte dei giardini. Una breve storia, Feltrinelli, 2014 (edizione originale: L’art des jardins, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1974)
M. Jakob, L’architettura del paesaggio, Mendrisio, Mendrisio Academy Press Silvana Editoriale, 2020
M. Jakob, Il paesaggio, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2009
C. Norberg-Schulz, Genius Loci. Paesaggio Ambiente Architettura, Milano, Electa, 1979
T. Pericoli, Attraverso l’albero. Una piccola storia dell’arte, Milano, Adelphi, 2012
T. Pericoli, Forme del paesaggio. 1970-2018, Macerata, Quodlibet, 2019
C. Raffestin, Dalla Nostalgia del territorio al desiderio di paesaggio. Elementi per una teoria del paesaggio, Firenze, Alinea Editrice, 2005
J. Simon, Riconoscere gli alberi, Milano, Mursia, 2019 (edizione originale: L’art de connaître les arbres, 1965)
C. Tosco, Il paesaggio come storia, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2007
Infrastructure and landscape
S. Anderson (a cura di), Strade, Bari, Edizioni Dedalo, 1982
S. Crowe, The landscape of roads, Londra, The Architectural Press, 1960
S. Giedion, Spazio, Tempo, Architettura (titolo originale Space, Time and Architecture), Hoepli editore, Milano 1989, (prima edizione Harvard University Press, Cambrige, Mass. 1941)
F. Houben, L. M. Calabrese (a cura di), Mobility: A room with a view, Rotterdam, Nai publisher, 2003
L. Halprin, Freeways, , New York, Reinhold Pubblishing Corporation, 1966
R. A. Iarrera, Autostrade come progetto di paesaggio, Roma, Gangemi Editore, 2004
G. Marinoni, Infrastrutture nel progetto urbano, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2006
A. Moretti (a cura di), Le strade: un progetto a molte dimensioni, Milano, Franco Angeli Editore, 1996
L. Ponticelli, C. Micheletti (a cura di), Nuove infrastrutture per nuovi paesaggi, Milano, Skira, 2003
B. Rudofsky, Strade per la gente, architettura e ambiente umano, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1981 (Street for people: a Primer for Americans, New York, Doubledayand Company, 1964)
C. Tunnard, B. Puskarev, Man Made America: Caos or Control?, New Haven –London, Yale university Press, 1963
A. Venudo G. De Napoli, L. Valeri, S. Zoia, Livingstreet, Faenza, Gruppo Editoriale Faenza, Faenza, 2004;