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HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (005AR)

A.Y. 2019 / 2020

Professor 
Period 
First semester
Credits 
8
Duration/Length 
64
Type of Learning Activity 
Core subjects
Study Path 
[PDS0-2018 - Ord. 2018] common
Syllabus 
Teaching language 

Italian

Learning objectives 

During the course students will learn:
1. to have a basic knwoledge and understanding of the architectonic history during the Twentieth century.
2. to apply the knwoledge and the understanding to the historic contexts where architectures have been designed or built.
3. to become autonomous in developing a historical and critical comprehension of architectonic works illustrated during the course; to apply knowledge and understanding for a critical approach to the past.
4. to use an appropriate language to analyze and describe the architectonic works.
5. to develop a critical reflection and to connect the historical knowledge in multidisciplinary fields.

Prerequisites 

Basic knowledge of the Twentieth century history.

Contents 

The course focuses on some main episodes of architecture history in Europe and America during the end of the Nineteenth and the Twentieth centuries.
By studying these episodes the course investigates the birth and the spread of the modern language in architecture.
In this way the course wants to interrogate the meaning of modernity in architecture and to reflect on the pluralistic aspects of modernity.
At the same time the course analyses historical events where
the break with the past emerges. It also compares them with other events where on the contrary the continuity with the tradition emerges clearly.
The course aims to demonstrate the plurality of modernity and to underline the intricate relationship between the past and modernity.

Programm
Architectonic culture and modernization process during the last decades of the Nineteenth century.
Urban transformation plans in the second half of the Nineteenth century.
The search of new forms and the problem of ornament
Sant’Elia and the futurism.
The Chicago School and the architectural system of Wright.
Architecture and revolution in Soviet Union.
De Stijl and modern architecture in Holland
Deutscher Werkbund and Bauhaus.
Le Corbusier: from the beginning to Plan Obus
The spread of the rationalist architecture in Italy
Monumental architecture in the totalitarian regimes.
Architecture and the memory of the war.
Building the post-war world in Italy
Wright, Le Corbusier e Mies after the World War II.
Aalto and the human kind of modernism
On monuments and monumentality in Kahn.
Modern architecture and memory
Continuity and change in the late Twentieth century

Teaching format 

The course consists of ex cathedra lectures and seminars.
At the end of the course students will have to elaborate a thesis on a subject chosen among the topics illustrated during the course.

Extended Programme 

Architectonic culture and modernization process during the last decades of the Nineteenth century:
Industrialization and the world of crafts.
Crisis of classical language. Cristal Palace (Paxton), Eiffel Tower (Eiffel), Bibliotheque S.te Geneviève (Labrouste).
Urban transformation plans in the second half of the Nineteenth century: Paris, Wien, Barcelona, Rome, Sitte's theory, new English Garden Cities.
The search of new forms and the problem of ornament: Wagner, Olbrich, Hoffmann, Berlage, Mackintosh, Tessenow, Perret and Loos.
Sant’Elia, Marinetti and the futurism.
The Chicago School and the architectural system of Wright:
Sullivan, Root, Burnham. Wright: from Wislow House to Fallingwater.
Architecture and revolution in Soviet Union: El Lissitzskij Vesnin, Melnikov, Ginzburg
De Stijl and modern architecture in Holland: Mondrian, Rietveld, Oud, Stam
Deutscher Werkbund and Bauhaus: Beherens, Taut, Gropius, Itten, Meyer, Mies
Le Corbusier: from the beginning to Plan Obus
The spread of the rationalist architecture in Italy: Gruppo 7, Terragni, Libera, Pagano, Figini e Pollini, Bbpr, Moretti, Persico, Gardella.
Monumental architecture in the totalitarian regimes: Piacentini and Speer, Rome and Berlin.
Architecture and the memory of the war: Lutyens, Krüger, Brasini, Greppi, Venturi, Bacciocchi.
Building the post-war world in Italy: the Ina-Casa neighborhoods.
Wright, Le Corbusier e Mies after the World War II.
Aalto and the human kind of modernism.
On monuments and monumentality in Kahn: from Richards Medical Research to Dacca.
Modern architecture and memory: Scarpa, De Carlo, Rossi, Stirling, Gardella, Albini, Rogers, Venturi.
Continuity and change in the late Twentieth century: Piano, Eisenman, Botta, Siza, Moneo, Gehry, Koolhaas

End-of-course test 

During the course there will be two tests checking the program knowledge.
The exam will focus on the discussion where the student has to demonstrate the knownledge of the topics, the historical context and the architectures illustrated during the course.

Other information 

Students not attending the course will have to agree on a different program.

Texts/Books 

W. J. R. Curtis, L'architettura moderna del Novecento, Phaidon, London 2006.
or
J. L. Cohen, The Future of Architecture. Since 1889, Phaidon, London 2012.

Antologia dell'architettura moderna, a cura di M. De Benedetti, A. Pracchi, Zanichelli, Bologna 1988.
Le parole dell’architettura, a cura di M. Biraghi e G. Damiani, Einaudi, Torino 2009.

At the end of every single lesson the students will receive a specific bibliography about the topics illustrated.


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