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HISTORY OF CITY AND TERRITORY (995AR)

A.Y. 2019 / 2020

Professor 
Period 
Second semester
Credits 
6
Duration/Length 
48
Type of Learning Activity 
Core subjects
Study Path 
[PDS0-2015 - Ord. 2015] common
Syllabus 
Teaching language 

Italian

Learning objectives 

During the course students will learn:
1. to have a basic knowledge and understanding useful to interpret urban and landscape transformation plans during the Twentieth century, expecially studying some places producing the urban identity process.
2. to apply the knowledge and the understanding to the historic and architectonic contexts where urban and landscape plans have been proposed or built.
3. to become autonomous in developing a historical and critical comprehension of architectonic works illustrated during the course; to apply knowledge and understanding for a critical approach to the past.
4. to use an appropriate language in order to analyze and describe the issues.
5. to develop a critical reflection and to connect the historical knowledge in architectonic fields, analyzing some places producing the urban identity process.

Prerequisites 

Basic knowledge of the Twentieth century history and of the Twenteith century history of architecture.

Contents 

The course examines a group of urban transformation plans along the Twentieh century.
The analysis wants to compare different ideas and different models of cities.
It wants also to underline the critic approach of the plans compared with the traditional process of a growing city.
A particular attention is given to the plans that aim to create a new urban identity.
Some cities like Amsterdam, Vienna, Frankfurt, Rome, Trieste, Turin, Naples, Stockholm, Algiers, Bogotà, Milan, Paris, Detroit, Brasilia, Barcelona, Berlin will be studied during the course.

Program:
Town planning in Netherland. Red Vienna.
The new Frankfurt.
The new Socialist town.
To make Rome a fascist capital.
Town planning in Italy during the fascism.
New Fascist Towns.
Projects for the “rationalist” city.
Le Corbusier’s urbanism.
London and the new towns in Great Britain.
Urban trasformation plans in post-war Italy.
Ciam and urbanism.
Rebuilding European cities after the war.
Reshaping the city.
Two cases: Barcelona and Berlin.

Teaching format 

The course consists of ex cathedra lectures and seminars. At the end of the course students will have to elaborate a thesis on a subject chosen among the topics illustrated during the course.

Extended Programme 

Town planning in Netherland: De Klerk in Amsterdam and Oud in Rotterdam.
Karl Marx Hof and Red Vienna. Taut and Gropius in Berlin.
The Frankfurt. May’s siedlung: Praunheim, Römerstad, Goldstein.
The new Socialist town. Master-plans for Moscow.
To make Rome a capital. Rome during the fascism. Foro Mussolini and E42.
Town planning in Italy during the fascism: Trieste, Gorizia, Brescia, Milano, Torino, Genova, Napoli.
New Fascist Towns: LSabaudia, Aprilia, Guidonia, Torviscosa, Arsia, Carbonia.
Projects for the “rationalist” city: Como, Aosta, Milan.
Le Corbusier’s urbanism: Algiers, Barcelona, Anversa, Stockholm, Nemours, Hellocourt, Paris, Saint Dié, Bogotà, Chandigarh.
London and the new towns in Great Britain.
Urban trasformation plans in post-war Italy: Ina-casa, Villaggio Olimpico in Rome, Quartiere Cep a San Giuliano, Mestre, Quartiere Gallaratese in Milan.
Ciam and urbanism. Sert’s Motor City in Brazil.
Rebuilding European cities after the war: Mars in London, Perret in Le Havre, Bakema and Van den Broek in Rotterdam.
Plans for Detroit, Philadelphia, Brasilia, Tokyo, Evora. Milton Keynes.
Two cases: Barcelona and Berlin.

End-of-course test 

During the course there will be two tests checking the program knowledge.
The exam will focus on the discussion where the student has to demonstrate the knownledge of the topics, the historical context and the architectures illustrated during the course.

Other information 

Students not attending the course will have to agree on a different program.

Texts/Books 

M. Biraghi, Storia dell’architettura contemporanea, Einaudi, Torino 2008.

At the end of each single lesson the students will receive a specific bibliography about the topics illustrated.


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