The aim is to provide, experiment with fundamental knowledge and skills of architectural design, in order to reach, with gradual insights, a greater awareness of the "architectural phenomenon". The general principles that preside over a correct composition of the parts of which the "architectural text" is constituted are dealt with, which must effectively interact with the spatial conception and distributive characteristics, up to a precise reflection on the significant relationships with the context. The student will be able to learn how to control the various phases of the logical compositional process through which the completed form is reached: synthesis between the different spatial, functional and dimensional instances. The tools for investigating and formalizing the idea of an architectural project are the 'classic' forms of the design and model.
Having taken the preparatory exams for the course provided for in the study plan
The course is an opportunity for in-depth study, verification and development of knowledge and methodologies acquired in the teaching modules of the previous year, through the experimentation of an architectural project applied in a specific place. In general terms, and interpreting the three Vitruvian components in a contemporary key, it can be said that architecture is the synthesis of three factors: the need or the sense of value, the durability or the sense of time, the appropriateness or the sense of of places.
The design investigation focuses on the theme of living, its permanence and innovation of archetypal forms and characters in relation to the place.
"Living in places through architecture" could be taken as the title of the Architectural Composition course 2.
The project finds its motivations within an idea of the city, the consolidated city, built on two types of perceptions or short and long perspectives, on a domestic scale and an urban scale. Between these two scales, the theme of living becomes the point of convergence, of synthesis: the urban and domestic dimension of living.
The course focuses on the production of a design exercise aimed at directing students to practice the dialectical relationship between architecture and place, between space and a sense of living. The exercise conditions the entire duration of the course supported by systematic reviews aimed at verifying the progress of the work performed. The course includes a series of lectures in close connection with the design exercise. The lessons concern the following themes dealt with with the aid of examples and authors drawn from contemporary or twentieth century experience: the conforming scale or size, the room or the sense of space, the threshold or areas of relationship, the construction or the geometric syntax, the materiality or character of the building, the duration or sense of time, the ecology or value of the environment, light or the perception of the atmosphere.
A first delivery is foreseen, referring to a thematic - compositional investigation on an example taken from the experience of the contemporary and twentieth century in close relation with the course of Theory and Techniques of Architectural Design.
The exam consists in the overall assessment of the level of awareness reached on the tools of the architecture project with particular reference to the results of the design exercise, the considerations developed in the analysis and the effects that the specific issues addressed in the lessons have had on the analytical work and design.
Students will be assessed on the clarity and maturity of their intentions in the design development, on the quality of the drawings and models produced. In addition, the ability to synthesize in oral presentation and the property of language will contribute to the final outcome.
Student groups of a maximum of two people are admitted, although the individual contribution must be easily identifiable.
The teacher is available for interviews at the end of each lesson.
• Paul Valéry, Eupalinos o l’Architetto, Parigi, 1921, prefazione all’Album Architectures. Nella traduzione Italiana sta in Paul Valéry, Tre dialoghi, Einaudi, Torino 1990, pagg.37 – 115 (esistono altre edizioni recenti)
• Gio Ponti, Amate l’architettura. L’architettura è un cristallo, Società Editrice Vitali e Ghianda, Genova, 1957. Riedizione a cura della Società Cooperativa Universitaria Studio e Lavoro srl, Milano 2004
• Ernesto Nathan Rogers, Gli elementi del fenomeno architettonico, Guida Editori, Napoli 1981
• Georges Perec, Specie di Spazi, Bollati Boringhieri editori, Torino, 1989
• Saverio Muratori, Da Schinkel ad Asplund. Lezioni di architettura moderna, Alinea Editrice, Firenze 1990
• Rafael Moneo, La solitudine degli edifici e altri scritti, volume primo Questioni intorno all’architettura, Umberto Allemandi &C., Torino 1999.
• Rafael Moneo, La solitudine degli edifici e altri scritti, volume secondo, sugli architetti e il loro lavoro, Umberto Allemandi &C., Torino 2004.
• K. Frempton, Tettonica e architettura. Poetica della forma architettonica nel XIX e XX secolo, Cambridge (Mass.) Mit Press., 1995. Traduzione italiana Milano, Skira, 1999.
At the end of each lesson the teacher will indicate a specific reference bibliography.